ISSN 0718-0918
Vol 13, N° 1, Abril 2016
 

Trabajos originales

 

Factores maternos relacionados con la anemia en  recién nacidos pretérminos. Hospital Dr. Dr. Verdi Cevallos Balda. Portoviejo. Ecuador. Abril septiembre 2015

Dra. Fernández Díaz Nayvi Cecilia1; Chávez Salazar Edgar Eduardo2; Salazar Alvarez Carmen Andreina2
1.- Doctora en Medicina, Especialista de Primer grado en Neonatología, Máster en atención integral al niño, Investigadora agregada.
2.- Estudiantes en Internado rotatorio. Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Escuela de Medicina Portoviejo, Manabi, Ecuador

Abstract

Summary

Anemia in preterm infants is called as decreased red blood cells, hemoglobin or hematocrit related to gestational age to be one of the first most common diseases worldwide, especially those in developing countries as the ours has been chosen this topic for an investigation linking maternal risk factors that are involved with the development of neonatal anemia in prematures study in the period from april to september 2015  in Dr. Verdi  cevallos Balda hospital. Descriptive, prospective non-experimental design with a sample of 32 patients resulting in 56% of patients corresponded to male, 72% was found between 32-37 weeks of gestation, 75% cases, an oppor pinzaminto umbilical cord was performed, the most common cause of neonatal anemia in these patients were internal bleeding in 25% of cases followed by umbilical vessels malformations in 22% of cases mothers were affected in 38% of cases añosas and multiparous women and 25% of mothers had pathological history as placenta previa, monthly prenatal checkups are recommended to prevent nutritional deficiencies and complications, proper management as indicated by the regulations msp and socialization of it.

Keywords: preterm infants, neonatal anemia, maternal risk factors.

 

Revista Pediatría Electrónica
Zañartu 1085, Independencia, Santiago, Chile
Teléfonos:(56) 25758092 y 27354991
Correo electrónico: gmedina.uchile@gmail.com
ISSN 0718-0918