ISSN 0718-0918
Vol 13, N° 2, Agosto 2016
 

Educación Médica: Trabajo original

 

Experiencia educativa para estudiantes de medicina de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) en la evaluación del Calendario Nacional de Vacunación de niños que concurrieron a Hospitales de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA)

Dres. Ruvinsky Raúl O.(1); Dalamón Ricardo(1); Balanzat Ana(2); Eymann Alfredo(3); Cattaino Adriana(4); Abudara Graciela(5); Di Coste Selva(5); Falke Germán(6); Aranda Osvaldo(2); Wahren Carlos(3); Marciano Gabriel(1); Bruno Miriam(1); Slavsky Anahi (7) y grupo de trabajo IAR-UBA

1 )Hospital Durand; 2)Hospital de Clínicas; 3)Hospital Italiano; 4)Hospital Rivadavia; 5)Hospital Tornú; 6)Hospital Militar Central; 7)Área Centro, Departamento de Pediatría (UBA)

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: The participation of students in research studies is a valuable teaching objective. Particularly evaluating implementation of the National immunization Program  and their causal, allowing to propose strategies to increase coverage.

Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study. Population: Newborn to 11 years old, conducted in 6 hospitals of Buenos Aires city. Period: 1/06-31/12/2014. Pediatrics students belonging to the pediatric annual training in pediatrics, supervised by their teachers. Inclusion criteria: Presentation the vaccination card, have no conditions that would prevent indication of the vaccines.
Results: 531 surveys were completed. Incomplete scheme, or no received vaccine 25.7%. the following variables were associated with non-compliance schedule: Age <1 year, maternal age <28 years, low maternal education, uncontrolled pregnancy, lack of health control, boarding, ambulatory consult for disease. Multivariate analysis: lack of control health: RR 2.1 (95% CI: 1.4-2.9). Family forgot vaccinate the child prevailed (71.8%). Students reported their participation useful. They considered positive learning how to research, contact with patients and families, teamwork. As negative: Rest time to study.
Conclusions: Interacting with the community enable barriers that condition not comply with the scheme. Communication is valuable to achieving this aim. Supervised student participation was an innovative experience to introduce in clinical research.

Keywords: vaccines - immunizations - medical education - research studies

 

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ISSN 0718-0918